There are at least five integrated aspects that must be properly maintained in order to secure the functional sustainability of irrigation/drainage in particular and development functions of infrastructures in general. These are: (1). Human resources; (2). Institution and Organization (3). Technology for sustainable O&M; (4). Sustainable O&M budget; and (5). Effective Regulatory Instrument and enforcement. The absence or unbalance of an integrated relationship among any of the five aspects would bring about ineffectiveness of infrastructural functions. Therefore, the five aspects cannot be seen in isolation.

With transfer of responsibility for water management to a local level, more attention has to be given to cost recovery of the service provided for water distribution. At the same time it is important to balance the budget, requiring detailed analysis of the source and application of funds. In turn this makes user-based performance assessments essential in order to identify irrigation performance indicators.          

Scoping Document

Subak Irrigation System in Bali: An Ancient Heritage of Participatory Irrigation Management in Modern Indonesia by A. Hafied A. Gany


Mandate: The WG will investigate, analyse and disseminate information and knowledge on following issues: (1) Legal Framework and Organizational Structures of Water User Association for Water Supply Services including- (a) institutional and organisational requirements for sustainable operation and maintenance of irrigation/drainage systems, (b) improvement of organisational arrangements for management, operation and maintenance of irrigation/drainage systems, (c) financing of operation and maintenance of irrigation/drainage schemes, (d) approaches and requirements for water regulatory authorities, land property questions, water rights, and (e) roles, responsibilities and requirements for sustainable Water Users Associations (WUA); (2) Participatory Irrigation Management and Irrigation Management Transfer covering (a) approaches and conditions for successful Participatory Irrigation/Drainage Management (PIDM), and (b) approaches and conditions for successful irrigation/ drainage management transfers (IDMT), including legislation and institutional requirements for transfer of responsibilities and/or ownership of irrigation and drainage systems to water users associations; and (3) Public Private Partnership, and Mechanism for Cost Recovery covering (a) possibilities of and requirements for successful Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in irrigation/drainage, and (b) methods and mechanisms for charging of irrigation/drainage services and determination of level of cost recovery.
Established : 2015
Sl. No. Name Country Membership
1 Dr. A. Hafied A. Gany Indonesia Chair
2 Mr. Madhav Belbase, J S, WECS Nepal Secretary
3 Dr. Keigo NODA Japan Member
4 Dr. Yu-Chuan Chang Chinese Taipei Committee Member
5 Mr. Franklin E. Dimick United States of America Member
6 Mr. Philip J. Riddell United Kingdom Member
7 Mr. Hasan Basri Yuksel Turkey Member
8 Mr. Abdullahi Abdul Rahman Nigeria Member
9 Prof. Dr. Seong Joon Kim South Korea Member
10 Dr. Ding Kunlun China Member
11 Mr. Taku MORI Japan Member
12 Dr. Qazi Tallat Mahmood Siddiqui Pakistan Provisional Member










Corporate / Institutional
Central Board of Irrigation and Power (CBIP), India
India Water Foundation, India
WAPCOS Limited, India
Ningbo Yaofeng Hydraulic Electrics Co., Ltd., China
Institute of Hydraulics and Rural Water Management, Austria
Agriculture Growth of Rural India, India
Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory Authority (MWRRA), India
Dubai Municipality, United Arab Emirates