Irrigation water from its source is conveyed up to a farm and subsequently applied to crops through various irrigation methods- surface (basins, furrows, and border strips), sprinkler, and micro irrigation. Vast amount of water goes waste if it is not applied efficiently and uniformly all over the field. Improperly planned, designed and laid/ installed irrigation system leads to losses such as deep percolation, runoff, evaporation, and wind drift affecting the performance of the system. Today a vast range of sprinkler and micro irrigation technology is available to fit all types of soil, crops, climates and farm sizes. Modern micro irrigation systems can achieve as high as 95% application efficiency leading to significant water saving.

The Working Group on On-Farm Irrigation Systems (WG-ON-FARM) promotes on-farm irrigation as part of integrated water resources management, and sustainable efficient approach for on-farm irrigation. The group has brought out many publications (manuals and guidelines) for planning, design and evaluation of micro and sprinkler irrigation systems. One of the important activities of the WG is compilation of the worldwide ‘Sprinkler and Micro irrigated Areas’. As per the latest compilation, worldwide more than 46 million ha (comprising 36 million ha sprinkler irrigation and 10 million ha of micro irrigation) are irrigated by these irrigation technologies. ICID is a ‘Liaison Member’ of ISO/TC23/SC18 since over a decade.

Another important activity of the WG is to organize’ International Micro Irrigation Congress/ Symposium’ on periodic basis.

Scoping Document

1. Questionnaire : Worldwide usage of micro & sprinkler irrigation (Revised, January 2006)
2. Report to ISO SC18, participation to the 19th ICID Congress, Beijing, September 2005
3. List of Irrigation Standards (ISO and CEN)
4. Questionnaire on "Energy Requirements for Irrigation"


Mandate: (a) On-farm irrigation structures and water distribution system networks are properly designed, installed, managed and maintained; (b) Soil moisture is monitored, technical and management measures for enhancing the water infiltration and retention capacities of soils are investigated and implemented; (c) Trade-offs among on-farm irrigation technologies, socio-economic and environmental benefits are optimized; (d) Innovative local institutional arrangements are developed and promoted for operation and maintenance; and (e) Top-notch scientific and development relevant research is conducted and its results are translated into actionable recommendations.
*Re-constituted in 2015 and renamed as Working Group on Sustainable On-Farm Irrigation System Development (WG-SON-FARM)

Established : 2015
Sl. No. Name Country Membership
1 Mr. A.K. Randev India Chair
2 Mr. Carl Walters Australia Vice Chair
3 Mr. Suman Sijapati Nepal Secretary
4 Mr. M.S. Sudhakar - Direct Member India Member
5 Dr. Hossein Dehghanisanij Iran Member
6 Mr. Muhammad Tahir Anwar Pakistan Member
7 Mr. S. Mohanarajah Sri Lanka Member
8 Dr. Yu-Min Wang Chinese Taipei Committee Member
9 Prof. L.B. Roy Direct Member India Member
10 Dr. Hossein Dehghani Sanij Iran Member
11 Dr. Teoh Chin Chuang Malaysia Member
12 Dr. Hajime TANJI Japan Member
13 Mr. Bashu Dev Lohanee Nepal Member
14 Dr Jano Anter Germany Member
15 Dr. Dickson Ahagbuje Nigeria Member
16 Dr. Graziano Ghinassi Italy Member
17 Mr. Abijit Joshi - Direct Member India Member
18 Dr. Jos? A. Ortiz Fdz.-Urrutia Spain Member
19 Mr. Hassan Shantia Iran Member
20 Dr. Chen, Ching-Tien Chinese Taipei Committee Member
21 Mr. Bruno Molle France Observer
22 Mr. Sher Singh India Observer
23 Mr. Ömer Faruk Akbulut Turkey Provisional Member
24 Mr. Siboniso Phillip Mkhaliphi South Africa Provisional Member
25 Dr. Ibrahim Mohamed Mahmoud Egypt Provisional Member
26 Prof. Chang Eon Park South Korea Provisional Member
27 Mr. Hussein Shanan Abid Al-Hussein Iraq Provisional Member
28 Mr. Suhad Jassim Obeed Iraq Provisional Member
29 Dr. Zhang Guohua China Provisional Member
30 Mr. Yao Bin China Provisional Member










Corporate / Institutional
Central Board of Irrigation and Power (CBIP), India
India Water Foundation, India
WAPCOS Limited, India
Ningbo Yaofeng Hydraulic Electrics Co., Ltd., China
Institute of Hydraulics and Rural Water Management, Austria
Agriculture Growth of Rural India, India
Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory Authority (MWRRA), India
Dubai Municipality, United Arab Emirates