With the rapid development of economy and the increasing growth of population, Shortage of fresh water becomes a global problem. Agriculture is the biggest water consumer nearly accounting for 70% of the total water supply worldwide. Use of Non-Conventional Water Resources for irrigation could meet such fresh water shortage. Non-Conventional waters consist of raw domestic/industrial wastewater, reclaimed water, agricultural drainage water, mining water, harvested rainwater, and brackish/saline groundwater. In many developing countries, a major part of the wastewater generated by domestic and industrial sectors is used for crop production in an untreated or partly treated form. The protection of public health and the environment are the main concerns associated with uncontrolled wastewater irrigation. In other words, the quality of the produced food, the consumer safety and the health of farm workers are of great concern. Other concerns include the salinity and heavy metal accumulation and pollution caused by nutrient leaching. In fact, secondary ef?uent contains dissolved solids, heavy metals, pesticides and pathogens that might jeopardize sustainable agriculture, groundwater quality, soil quality/ productivity and human health, however, the nutrients contained in such waste water are bene?cial for agriculture up to certain concentrations.

It is very important to prevent contamination and reduce contamination risks for NCWRI, therefore, a set of techniques, policies and strategies must be considered in the process of planning, designing, operation and management.

Bali, Indonesia, 2019


SALTMED Publications in Irrigation and Drainage, Virtual Issues: First published on 20 May 2020

Download SALTMED 2019 (File size 398mb)

Please carefully read the document: How to install the SALTMED model. You could also see the Video on YouTube about installation and different parts of the model including problems and solutions. The User Guide has now been updated as well.

Online course

YouTube Playlist:

Trouble shooting, Problems and solutions:

A dedicated ICID YouTube Playlist is also available at:


Sl. No. Name Country Membership
1 Dr. (Ms.) Anna Tadeschi Italy Chair
2 Dr. Wenyong Wu China Secretary
3 Dr. Tapas Kumar Biswas Australia Member
4 Dr. Ragab Ragab United Kingdom Member
5 Prof. Leon van Rensburg South Africa Member
6 Engr. Mohamed Ouhssain Morocco Member
7 Dr. Seung Heon Lee South Korea Member
8 Dr. Tasuku Kato Japan Member
9 Dr. Karim Shiati Iran Member
10 Dr. Samia El-Guindy Egypt Member
11 Dr. Hussein Abdel Halim El Gammal Egypt Provisional Member
12 Dr. Muhammad Munir Ahmad Pakistan Provisional Member
13 Dr. Mohamed Shaban M. Abu Salama Egypt Provisional Member
14 Dr. Chihhao Fan Chinese Taipei Committee Provisional Member
15 Dr. R.C. Jain India Provisional Member

a Member

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  • Integrated Library Management System (ILMS)
  • ICID Register of World Heritage Irrigation Structures
  • Irrigation Dictionary (MTD)
  • Irrigation & Drainage Products & Services Directory
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Corporate / Institutional
Central Board of Irrigation and Power (CBIP), India
India Water Foundation, India
WAPCOS Limited, India
Asian Development Bank (ADB), Philippines
Ningbo Yaofeng Hydraulic Electrics Co., Ltd., China
Dayu Water-Saving Group Co. Ltd., China
Electrosteel Castings Limited, India
Institute of Hydraulics and Rural Water Management, Austria
Agriculture Growth of Rural India, India
Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory Authority (MWRRA), India
Dubai Municipality, United Arab Emirates