International Commission on Irrigation & Drainage Commission Interationale des Irrigation et du Drainage


Environmental sustainability is a moving target which evolves as the knowledge of nature increases. There was a time when environment just meant surroundings. It was used to describe the physical world surrounding us including soil, rocks, water and air. Gradually it was realized that the enormous variety of plants, animals and micro-organisms on this earth, including human beings are an integral part of the environment. More recently, it is further recognized that all types of social, cultural and technological activities carried out by human beings also have a profound influence on various components of the environment.


The three pillars of ‘Green Revolution’, - high yielding varieties, chemical inputs like fertilizer and pesticides, and irrigation – have had a definite positive outcome in terms of increased food production, which obviated hunger in many parts of the world. But it also had negative impacts on the environment. Similarly, for years, groundwater has served as the resource for supplemental and intensive irrigation. However, in many basins worldwide groundwater is now mined rapidly and quality is deteriorating. The way water in general and water for agriculture in particular is managed, has harmed the environment in a variety of ways: groundwater depletion; land degradation and contamination of water; depletion of forest resources; and loss of ecosystem services and biodiversity. ICID has long been concerned with the environmental impacts of irrigation and has been addressing the issues from time to time. The Working Group on Environment (WG-ENV) provides guidance on the environmental aspects of drainage and irrigation to policy makers, planners, designers, and managers including its effects on climate and human health. The Group aims at the management of sustainable environment, maximizing positive and minimizing adverse effects of irrigation and drainage systems.

Mandate: To provide guidance to policy makers, planners, designers, and managers in the irrigation and drainage sector on the following environmental aspects of irrigation and drainage systems: (i) physical; (ii) chemical, ; (iii) ecological, (iv) socio-economic, and (v) cultural. To address concerns to the effects on local, regional and global common goods, such as climate, biodiversity and human health. To work towards the management of a sustainable environment, through adapted practices, adequate policies and institutions, maximizing positive and minimizing adverse effects of irrigation and drainage systems.
Established : 2015
Sl. No. Name Email Country Position
1 Prof. Dr. Charlotte de Fraiture Netherlands Chair
2 Dr. Michael van der Laan South Africa Vice Chair
3 Dr. (Ms.) Seija Virtanen Finland Secretary
4 Dr. Fuqiang Tian China Member
5 Mr. Usamah Hashim Witwit Iraq Member
6 Prof. Dr. Joong Dae, Choi South Korea Member
7 Dr. Yury Anatolyevich Mozhaiskii Russia Member
8 Eng. (Ms.) P.M. Jayadeera Sri Lanka Member
9 Dr. Aynur Fayrap Turkey Member
10 Dr. Ming Kai Hsieh Chinese Taipei Committee Member
11 Prof. (Ms.) Eunmi Hong South Korea Member
12 Mr. Carl Walters Australia Member
13 Prof. Kwang Sik Yoon South Korea Member
14 Engr. Reynaldo L. Baloloy Philippines Member
15 Er. VOKHIDJON M. AKHMADJONOV Uzbekistan Member
16 Prof. Dr. Yutaka MATSUNO Japan Member
17 Dr. Hao-Che Ho Chinese Taipei Committee Member
18 Dr. Muhammad Basharat Chaudhry Pakistan Member
19 Ir. Hj. Mohd   Azmi bin Ismail Malaysia Member
20 Dr. GiuLio Castelli Italy Provisional Member


Prof. Dr. Charlotte de Fraiture










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