International Commission on Irrigation & Drainage Commission Interationale des Irrigation et du Drainage



There is strong evidence that the world is becoming more vulnerable to drought. The fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published in 2007 stated that “More intense and longer droughts have been observed over wider areas since 1970’s, particularly in the tropics and sub-tropics”. Obviously, the socio-economic consequences have been, and will continue to be, dramatic and this indicates the great risk that human communities will be facing around the globe. 

Drought, however, cannot have a simple single definition. It is a relative concept and may vary from place to place and from discipline to discipline. Drought has different meanings to different people, depending on how a water deficiency affects them. As a result, droughts have been classified into many different types. Some of the more commonly used are meteorological, agricultural and hydrologic drought. Meteorological drought is generally defined in terms of lower than average precipitation for some time period. This is a common basis for defining drought but it fails to consider the influences of antecedent conditions, evapotranspiration and the time-lag factors of hydrologic response. Agricultural drought refers to a shortage of water in the root zone of crops such that the yield of plants is reduced considerably. Hydrologic drought is generally defined in terms of low levels of stream flow, reservoir storage, ground water or some combination.
ICID established the Working Group on Irrigated Agriculture under Drought and Water Scarcity (WG-IADWS)  in 1996 after merging the two erstwhile Working Groups, namely, Working Group on ‘Highly Water Stressed Areas and the Working Group on Impact of Drought on Irrigated Agriculture’. With changing times, the Working Group on Water Management in Water Stressed Regions (WG-DROUGHT) came into being in 2008-2016 with revised mandate to capture field experiences of the implementation of drought risk management strategies for coping with water scarcity, the group also looks at the approaches and strategies for incorporating economic justification for allocation of water for agricultural production, competing with all other uses, and re-defining, as necessary, the conventional irrigation efficiency concept. The WG is in the process of bringing out a publication on “Irrigation under Drought and Water Scarcity”.

The working group renamed as Working Group on Managing Water Scarcity under Conflicting Demands (WG-MWSCD) (At its 9th meeting, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2016)


Strategy Themes: Basin

Collect information, knowledge and, where available, case histories on actions taken to manage water systems to accommodate a change in priority of water use or due to conflicting demands.


  1. Information will be collected on three levels of water management; (1) National, (2) area or basin; and (3) local;
  2. review and analyze information to determine any commonality;
  3. prepare and present reports and/or case studies on recent development in the countries that are represented in the WG
  4. organize international workshop on the topic;
  5. prepare an overview paper on the topic for publication.

Established : 2016
Sl. No. Name Email Country Position
1 Mr. Franklin E. Dimick fr************* USA Chair
2 Mr. V.C. Ballard cl************* Australia Vice Chair
3 Dr. Jaepil Cho jp************* South Korea Secretary
4 Dr. Mikiko SUGIURA su************* Japan Secretary
5 Mr. Ali Hassan Hommadi Altai al************* Iraq Member
6 Mr. Amali A. AMALI - Young Professional AA************* Nigeria Member
7 Engr. Gulsah Cakir Heikal gu************* Turkey Member
8 Dr. Jing Liu Ji************* China Member
9 Dr. Leila Eamen Le************* Canada Member
10 Dr. Ming Young Jan ag************* Chinese Taipei Committee Member
11 Dr. Ming-Che Hui mc************* Chinese Taipei Committee Member
12 Engr. Ozden Erturk Gazel oz************* Turkey Member
13 Prof. Dr. Ragab Ragab ra************* United Kingdom Member
14 Dr. Shivaji T. Sangle sa************* India Member
15 Dr. Takanori NAGANO na************* Japan Member
16 Dr. Ya-Wen Chueh ya************* Chinese Taipei Committee Member
17 Ir. David Florentino fl************* Philippines Provisional Member
18 Ms. Haofang Yan - Young Professional Ya************* China Provisional Member
19 Prof. Dr. Hesham Mostafa Mohamed Ali hm************* Egypt Provisional Member
20 Mr. Thayalam Sekaran th************* Malaysia Provisional Member
21 Mr. Veysel Yildiz ve************* Turkey Provisional Member
22 Ts Ir Wan Noorul Hafilah Binti Wan Ariffin no************* Malaysia Provisional Member
23 Dr. Watchara Suiadee wa************* Thailand Provisional Member
24 Mr. Yu Yingduo - Young Professional yu************* China Provisional Member
25 Mr. Zafar Iqbal zi************* Pakistan Provisional Member


WG-Drought Closure Report

Renamed as Working Group on Managing Water Scarcity under Conflicting Demands (WG-MWSCD) (At its 9th meeting, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2016)

Renamed as Working Group on Water Management in Water Stressed Regions (WG-DROUGHT) [2009-2016]

Working Group on Irrigated Agriculture under Drought and Water Scarcity (WG-IADWS) (1996-2007)





Video Message by Mr. Ibrahim Thiaw, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (INCCD) - 17 June 2022 Marks Desertification and Drought Day. This year, global celebrations will be hosted by Spain. On this occasion, we chose to raise awareness about Drought and its Multiple Consequences, Under the Theme: "Rising Up From Drought Together".


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