International Commission on Irrigation & Drainage Commission Interationale des Irrigation et du Drainage

Webinar on General Challenges of Irrigation Schemes Management Under Different Scales: With Special Consideration on Institutional and Organizational Aspects of System Management , 21 January 2021

Underlying Challenges: This Webinar is about the general observation on mediation of underlying challenges of irrigation schemes management under different scale of land holding condition of the farmer in the small medium and large irrigation areas by considering appropriate institutional and organizational arrangement toward sustainable management of irrigation for improving resilience of irrigated agriculture with sustainable agricultural productivity. At this moment, irrigation management under the small, medium and large irrigation schemes are continuously challenged by inappropriate irrigation efficiency due to poor maintenance of irrigation infrastructures under the poor management performances of WUAs, and competitive use of irrigation water. And most recently is the escalating effort of adaptation and resilience to the impact of climate change, in line with adjustment of policy instruments, institutional setup, technology adjustment as well as resources at the local level, have also been given special scrutiny because of their significant roles to affect livelihood of a larger number of irrigated agricultural based population.

Predicaments on Institutional Arrangement: Given the actual condition of irrigation implementation in many regions of the world, resilience of irrigation services to the underlying challenges have been increasingly encountered with various predicaments with institutional arrangement. This includes efforts to strengthen of the overall institutional and organizational adaptive capacity of water users for self management through sustainable effort to secure capacity development of human resources, institutional arrangement, appropriate O&M technology, sustainable O&M funding, as well as legal instruments and consistent enforcement. In such the case, traditional and indigenous knowledge could be modified by adjusting it with the recent innovation and help to cope with the underlying challenges. More to this is the urgent need to cope with provision of comprehensive efforts from the very basic to the most advance integrated effort in capacity building, capacity development toward sustainable farming.

Suggested Mediation: This paper draws a number of suggested mediations for further discussion to adjust them with local specific conditions. Most recommendable are among others by means of combination amongst empirical and theoretical notions of institutional arrangement by encouraging of some kind of independent “Integrated Water Users Committee”. The way forward alternative will discuss the possibility of resolving institutional challenges and guarantees water security in irrigation systems with different scales schemes, including adaptation to climate change and population dynamics by implementing ‘Smart Irrigation Management System (SIMS)’ applying for advanced Information and Communication Technology (ICT)’ through sustainable capacity building, extension services as well as research and development support services.

PRESENTATION:  General Challenges of Irrigation Schemes Management Under Different Scales: With Special Consideration on Institutional and Organizational Aspects of System Management


Scrutinization of Integrated Effort: In order to cope with institutional issues, problems and constraints in general, a number of integrated efforts needs to be scrutinized. These include (i) provision of knowledge platform to learn; (ii) enhancement of understanding on social, economic, financial and technical innovations in irrigation institutions; (iii) deliberating the required capacity on adaptation of appropriate institutions which can meet the challenges brought about by institutional and organizational arrangement as well as population increase; (iv) enhancement of the efforts to make the policy makers, practitioners, researchers and observers of irrigation systems to be adequately informed about the process of institutional and organizational adaptation and associated resilience of irrigation community that better serves farmers' irrigation interest and capacity enhancement in the dynamic change context.

Strategic Institutional and Organizational Policy for Water Resources Conservation: (i) Setting the policy of agriculture toward the road map for adaptation to ‘Climate Change’; (ii) Addressing the ‘strategy toward professionalism’; (iii) Conducive institutional setting, and decentralization; (iv) Optimum utilization of water and land resources; (v) Accommodation of E-Flow; (vi) Grey water re-use and recycle; (vii) Conservation of the degraded Water Resources; (viii) Land resources management; (ix) Mitigation of land conversion to non agricultural purposes; (x) Diversification of cropping and market potential; (xi) Enhancement of the possible water saving technology such as micro-irrigation application etc.; (xii) Optimizing multi-functionality of irrigation water; (xiii) Enhancement of agro-based tourism; (iv) Secure of Adequate O&M funds; and (xv) Encourage the innovative technologies and consistent updating of the knowledge through professional ‘Research and Development (R&D)’ activities.

Empowerment Policy: Appropriate policies for empowering the small farmers, are consistent monitoring, collection and utilization of data and information about land holding circumstances. These include: distribution of operated land by size class of holdings; Crop areas under specific crops by land size class of holding; Livestock type and herd size by land size class of holding; Use and source of machinery by land size class; Input use by land size class of holdings and other such information. These matters are requiring uniform definition and characterization of small farmers, as important inputs to the global search for an international standard definition.

Application of ICT: Meanwhile, irrigation management practices along the way forward would undoubtedly applying ICT for providing precise irrigation management along modernization of irrigation system operation. However, the sustainable maintenance of this advanced technology requires higher educated person and extra costs for effective implementation. Therefore, a sound and careful feasibility study has to be pursued before adapting ICT in a particular irrigation scheme. Durability insured of equipment and facility system has to be installed with more reliable and error free system for successful and sustainable system operation. Above all, technical capacity of personnel management especially of operation staffs have to be well educated and trained for sustainable operation of such advanced technology.

SPEAKER: Vice President Hon. Dr. A. Hafied A. Gany (Chair, WG-IOA)

Dr. A. Hafied A. Gany (b.1944) obtained his M.Sc. from University of Southampton, UK (1979); and an interdisciplinary Ph.D. majoring Engineering, Economics, Sociology, and Demography at the University of Manitoba, Canada, with commendation. (Previously, In 1982, he obtained a Ph.D. at the Columbia Pacific University, California - USA, majoring Irrigation Development.); Alumnus with commendation, of The Indonesian Supreme Civil Servant`s College (SPATI-II), National Institute of Civil Administration (LAN) 1996-97. He was assigned as the project manager of the Construction Guidance Service Center - CGSC – Project; at the same time as chief of the Research Station for Hydraulic Structures of the Ministry of Public Works in Bekasi, West Java Province from 1985 to 1989; Director of Water Resources Management, Ministry of Public Works from 1995 to 2000; Director of National Research Institute for Water Resources Ministry of Public Works from 2000 to 2003; and as the Extraordinary HRD Instructor (Widyaiswara Utama), Ministry of Public Works, Republic of Indonesia from 2003 till retired in 2009. At present, he is working as Supreme HRD Instructor (Widyaiswara Utama) Ministry of Public Works, majoring Water Resources and Irrigation Development and Management since 2003. Dr. Gany is a member of ICID WG-HIST since 2005 besides being Secretary General of Indonesian National Committee of ICID (INACID, 1993-1999) and President of INACID since 1999. He has participated in numerous ICID IECs and Congresses and published more than 100 professional papers, eight books.

Previously Dr. Gany was Director of Water Resources Management and Conservation, Ministry of Public Works (1995-1999); Deputy Director General of Water Resources Development (1999-2000); Assistant Deputy of Water Resources Protection and Conservation, State Ministry of Public Works (2000-2001); Director of Research Institute for Water Resources (2001-2002); Executive Secretary of the Directorate General of Research and Development, Ministry of Public Works (2002-2003). Government of Indonesia awarded him `Presidential Award` in 1996 for his 30 years of outstanding services to the government in 1996 and in 1999 for National Development Contribution. Dr. Gany was also awarded “ICON FMIST-2019”, Farmer Managed Irrigation Promotion Trust, Kathmandu, Nepal, in 2018. Since his retirement as - (1) Senior Water Resources and Irrigation Management specialist at the Ministry of Public Works Republic of Indonesia, he become Freelance Consultant, Research Supervisor for Ph.D. University Program, Guest lecturer/ Keynote Speaker at National and Overseas Universities and Institutions on Water Resources and Irrigation Management, including assignment as Independent Monitoring and Evaluation for Irrigation Project under DISIMP II (National Development Planning Agency – BAPPENAS (From 2011, till 2016); Resource Person for Hydrosix Engineering Company in Bandung from 2010 till present; Professional Civil Engineer Assessor for Indonesian Engineer’s Association (PII) from 2009 till present; Extraordinary HRD Instructor (Widyaiswara Utama), Ministry of Public Works, Republic of Indonesia: (2) Board of Director of International Network on Participatory Irrigation Management (INPIM) - a non-profit organization based in Washington DC - at the same time as (3) the President of the Indonesian Chapter of INPIM (INPIM-INA); and (4) Vice President of the Indonesian National Committee of International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (INACID) for International Affairs; (International Member of History Working Group of ICID (HIST-WG); Elected at the International Executive Council Meeting of ICID, Sacramento, USA, November 2007 as the Vice President of ICID (International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage) for the term 2007-2010 – presently, as Vice President Honoraire of ICID; Chairman Honoraire of the Permanent Committee of Strategy and Organization of International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (PCSO); From 2015 till present as Chairman of Working Group of Institutional and Organizational Activities of Irrigation and Drainage of ICID (WG-IOA); and (5) Till December 2016 – supporting the Indonesian National Planning Board (BAPPENAS) as Independent Monitoring and Evaluation (IME) for Irrigation Development and Management Project (DISIMP-II) at 15 Subprojects of JICA LOAN IP-547 for 9 (nine) Provinces in Eastern Indonesia, majoring Integrated River Basin Water Resources and irrigation Management.


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